Task D: Emergency Equipment and Survival Gear

Task D: Emergency Equipment and Survival Gear (ASEL and ASES)

References: FAA-H-8083-3, POH/AFM.

Objective: To determine that the applicant:

Private Pilot PTS What this means… What you need to do to prepare
1. Exhibits satisfactory knowledge of the elements related to emergency equipment and survival gear appropriate to the airplane and environment encountered during flight. The examiner will ask you what type of hazards and emergency you might encounter if you made an off-airport landing in your local geographic area. This will prompt you to identify what type of equipment that you should carry about in the event of those situations.


For example, the examiner may ask what type of equipment you should carry onboard if you are planning a cross-country trip over the Sierra Nevadas.

Review this list of common emergency and survival equipment:

  • Fire Extinguisher – could give you a chance to get the airplane on the ground in event of a cabin fire.
  • First Aid Kit – commercial kits are great, but they need to be replaced regularly as the contents expire. Also consider the medication needs of your passengers. A diabetic without insulin would create make the emergency even worse.
  • Food and Water – MREs, chocolate bars, bottled water, water purification system
  • Flashlight – bright with a spare bulb (or LED is even better) and spare batteries.
  • Knife – something with a useful blade. A multi-tool is even better.
  • Matches – waterproof and strike-anywhere.
  • Signaling mirror – useful for getting the attention of search and rescue aircraft.
  • Handheld aviation radio – very useful for communicating with search and rescue aircraft or getting the attention of an airliner passing overhead which typically monitors 121.5
  • Spare clothes, coats, blankets – the Sierras get cold a night; even colder in the winter.
2. Identifies appropriate equipment that should be onboard the airplane. See questions above. See list above.