|Complete the weight and balance portion of the Preflight Briefing Sheet.
Conduct the preflight inspection
Dry-run through the following checklists
Walk the traffic pattern on the ramp, talking through the radio announcements and checklists executed in the traffic pattern.
|Topic||Be able to answer:||Resources to study:|
|Aerodynamics||Atmosphere and Altitudes
||Review PHAK Chapter 4 Principles of Flight|
||Review PHAK Chapter 5 Aerodynamics of Flight
Study sections on load factor and maneuvering flight in your test preparation course
||Study AFH Chapter 9 Performance Maneuvers|
|Aerodynamics||Skidding and Slipping Turns
||Review PHAK Chapter 5 Aerodynamics of Flight|
|Practical Knowledge||Traffic Pattern
||Study Before Landing and Landing checklists for your airplane.
View these UND Aerocast videos. Be advised that airspeeds mentioned in these videos may not be the same as used for your training airplane. Refer to your checklist for authoritative guidance.
|Decision Making and Risk Mgmt||
Review your airplane’s checklists.
|Preflight Inspection||You will be conducting the preflight inspection. Your instructor will be asking you questions about the preflight issues you are looking for and to identify the location and purpose of different aircraft components.|
|Engine Start||You will start the engine, using the appropriating priming procedure, check engine gauges and lean the mixture for taxi.|
|Taxi||You will make the determination of the appropriate runway to use for takeoff. You will transmit the pre-taxi announcement on the radio, allow the airplane to roll forward with slightly more than idle power, test the brakes, and then taxi to the appropriate runway for runup.|
|Run-Up||You will perform the run-up using the checklist. Your instructor will ask you about acceptable and unacceptable conditions for items checked during run-up.|
|Departure Brief||You will give the departure briefing for this flight, with a departure plan to the practice area.|
|Before Takeoff Check||You will perform the before takeoff check, including the collision avoidance scan. You will transmit the takeoff announcement on the CTAF.|
|Normal Takeoff||You will perform the takeoff. After the airplane lifts off, establish a Vx climb, then after clearing obstacles, establish a Vy climb. Complete the 1,000 AGL checklist and turn the airplane to the on-course heading.|
|Shallow Climbing Turns||You will then practice turns and rudder coordination as you climb up to the practice area altitude.|
|Level-Off, Cruise Check, Straight and Level||Level the airplane off using the sequence Pitch-Power-Trim, starting approximately 50 ft prior to the discussed altitude. Be sure to anticipate that you will need to increase forward pressure on the yoke to prevent the airplane from attempting to climb again, reducing power only once the airplane has achieved the desired low cruise airspeed, and finally trimming the airplane once the airspeed and the elevator force transmitted to the yoke and felt in your hands has stabilized.|
|Slow Flight||You will perform the HASEL check. You will then transition the airplane from level cruise flight to slow flight in a landing configuration (flaps extended). You will focus on maintaining heading and altitude during straight and level flight, then practice making shallow turns both to the left and right, descents and climbs. You will also practice recovering from slow flight, maintaining heading and altitude during the transition.|
|Steep Turns||You will perform the HASEL check. Your instructor will demonstrate establishing, maintaining and rolling out from a 45 degree banked turn, both to the left and to right.
You will then practice 720 degree 45 degree banked turns in both directions.
|Traffic Pattern in the Sky||The instructor will help you identify the landmarks and headings to be used for the traffic pattern practice at altitude. You will then enter this traffic pattern at a 45 degree angle, completing the Before Landing Checklist. You will then fly the remaining legs, simulating the radio calls and completing the landing checklists and configuring the airplane for landing. At a simulated ‘hard deck’ altitude, you will flare the airplane, holding the airplane’s nose just below the horizon until a power off stall is achieved. You will then recover from the stall, and execute a go-around, climbing back to the crosswind turn altitude and completing another pattern.|
|Approach Briefing||You will be responsible for giving the approach briefing as you return to the airport.|
|Descending Turns||You will practice making shallow left and right descending turns. Remember to watch the nose during these turns to determine the amount of rudder input needed to keep the nose pinned on a distant object as you roll the airplane from left to right and right to left.|
|Pattern Entry||Your instructor will coach you through performance of the before landing and landing checklists, entry on the 45, establishing downwind,
Your instructor will transmit radio broadcasts on the CTAF to give your airplane’s location and intentions as you return to the airport, enter the pattern and land.
|Normal Landing||You will establish a stabilized approach, use of power to maintain a stable rate of descent. The instructor will assume control of the airplane prior to 200 AGL. You will call out when you feel the airplane should perform the level-off. Pay close attention to the nose attitude during the flare. You should be able to always see the departure end of the runway over the top of the nose.|
|Postflight Procedures||You will taxi the airplane from the runway to the tiedown, executing the after landing checklist and shutdown checklists. Your instructor will help you push the airplane back into the tiedown, secure it, clean it and complete the post-flight section of the checklist.|