Unit 5 – What if its windy?

Preflight Exercises
Complete the weight and balance portion of the Preflight Briefing Sheet.

Conduct the preflight inspection

Dry-run through the following checklists

  • Before Landing
  • Landing
  • Slow Flight
  • Power Off Stall
  • Power On Stall
  • Steep Turns
Preflight Discussion
Topic Be able to answer: Resources to study:
Aerodynamics Effect of wind on ground track

  • What does the term downwind mean?
  • What does the term upwind mean?
  • What does the term crosswind mean?
  • How is airspeed affected by turning from downwind to upwind?
  • How is groundspeed affected by turning from downwind to upwind?
  • How is turn radius affected by turning from downwind to upwind?

Rectangular Course

  • How do you determine wind direction on the ground, when you are in the air?
  • What is the minimum and maximum altitude for the rectangular course?
  • What is the appropriate power setting and airspeed?
  • What is the appropriate entry leg for course?
  • Describe the angle of bank and degree of turn, as well as wind correction angle, you will use when flying around the rectangular course.

Crosswind Takeoff

  • Describe how the flight controls are positioned during taxi in crosswind strong winds.
  • How will crosswind affect an airplane during takeoff?
  • What is the goal of aircraft control during a crosswind takeoff?
  • Describe how the flight controls should be positioned at the start of a crosswind takeoff, and manipulated during the takeoff roll, rotation and climbout.
  • Describe the common errors in the performance of a crosswind takeoff.
AFH 3BStudy AFH Chapter 6 Ground Reference Maneuvers




testprepStudy the section on Ground Reference Maneuvers (S Turns, Turns around a Point, Rectangular Course) in your test prep course.

Practical Knowledge Crosswind Component

  • What is the demonstrated crosswind component for your airplane? Is this a limitation?
  • What is the crosswind component and headwind component using the current METAR for our airport?
POHFind your airplane’s maximum demonstrated crosswind Component in Chapter 5 of your airplane’s POH.

Practice calculating crosswind and headwind components using the crosswind component chart in your checklist for these runway and wind combinations:

Cameron Park – Runway 31

  • 220 at 10 knots
  • 280 at 15 knots
  • 340 at 20 knots

Cameron Park – Runway 13

  • 180 at 10 knots
  • 220 at 15 knots

Mather/Rancho Murieta – Runway 22

  • 180 at 20 knots
  • 310 at 14 knots
Practical Knowledge Chart Knowledge

  • Interpret the airport data for Cameron Park airport on the sectional.
  • Interpret the airport data for Sacramento Mather airport on the sectional.
  • Why are some airport symbols blue and some magenta?
  • What does the small dot in the airport symbol at the Placerville airport mean?
  • What does the start above the airport symbol at the Placerville airport mean?
  • What is the symbol for parachute jumping activity?


  • Describe the airspace immediately above the Cameron Park runway in terms of VFR weather minimums, equipment, certificate and communication requirements.
  • Does the airspace above Cameron Park change class? If so, at what altitude? What is this class of airspace’s VFR weather minimums, equipment, certificate and communication requirements.
  • What type of airspace is the McClellan airport? What is this class of airspace’s VFR weather minimums, equipment, certificate and communication requirements.
  • What type of airspace is the Mather airport? What is this class of airspace’s VFR weather minimums, equipment, certificate and communication requirements.
Sectional Chart – Study your sectional chart for all airports and symbols close to Cameron Park. Look up all unknown symbols on the sectional chart legend.

PHAK 25BStudy PHAK Chapter 15 Airspace



Research the airport information for Mather and McClellan using a sectional chart and the Airport/Facility directory. Bring a sheet with this information: magnetic bearing from O61 to these airports, field elevation, TPA, runways, traffic pattern directions, ATIS or AWOS, and CTAF or CT frequencies.

Decision Making and Risk Mgmt
  • Review crosswind component and weight and balance.
  • Use the PAVE checklist to identify risks associated with the flight.


Flight Experience


POHReview your airplane’s checklists.



AFH 3BStudy AFH Chapter 6 Ground Reference Maneuvers

Operation Expect to:
Preflight Inspection You will be conducting the preflight inspection. Your instructor will be asking you questions about the preflight issues you are looking for and to identify the location and purpose of different aircraft components.
Engine Start You will start the engine, using the appropriating priming procedure, check engine gauges and lean the mixture for taxi.
Taxi You will make the determination of the appropriate runway to use for takeoff. You will transmit the pre-taxi announcement on the radio, allow the airplane to roll forward with slightly more than idle power, test the brakes, and then taxi to the appropriate runway for runup.
Run-Up You will perform the run-up using the checklist. Your instructor will ask you about acceptable and unacceptable conditions for items checked during run-up.
Departure Brief You will give the departure briefing for this flight, with a departure plan to the practice area.
Before Takeoff Check You will perform the before takeoff check, including the collision avoidance scan. You will transmit the takeoff announcement on the CTAF.
Normal Takeoff You will perform the takeoff. After the airplane lifts off, establish a Vx climb, then after clearing obstacles, establish a Vy climb. Complete the 1,000 AGL checklist and turn the airplane to the on-course heading.
Shallow Climbing Turns You will then practice turns and rudder coordination as you climb up to the practice area altitude.
Level-Off, Cruise Check, Straight and Level Level the airplane off using the sequence Pitch-Power-Trim, starting approximately 50 ft prior to the discussed altitude. Be sure to anticipate that you will need to increase forward pressure on the yoke to prevent the airplane from attempting to climb again, reducing power only once the airplane has achieved the desired low cruise airspeed, and finally trimming the airplane once the airspeed and the elevator force transmitted to the yoke and felt in your hands has stabilized.
Slow Flight Demonstrate entry to slow flight, left and right turns, climbs and descents, and recovery from slow flight. Maintain heading +-10 degrees, altitude +- 100 feet during the entry, recovery and level turns.
Power On Stall and Recovery You will practice setting up, initiating and recovery from the departure (power on) stall. Be sure to transition smoothly from the takeoff attitude to the stall, and be sure to use rudder input to maintain heading during the initiation of the stall, and to raise a wing if it drops during the stall recovery.
Traffic Pattern in Sky At altitude, practice the traffic pattern, using the compass and ground references to define the four legs of the pattern. Practice the radio calls, checklists, and aircraft configurations, while flying the traffic pattern in the sky. On final, when in a stabilized approached, and at 1000 ft of altitude loss, initiate a landing flare and hold until the airplane stalls, then recover from the stall and climb back up into the traffic pattern.
Wind Drift Your instructor will coach you through determining the the winds in the local area, and selecting a long reference line on the ground. You will then practice adjusting your heading (crabbing) to align the aircraft’s ground track along the reference line.
Rectangular Course Your instructor will demonstrate entering a rectangular course on a 45 degree leg, demonstrate gauging width, crabbing and varying bank angles during turns to keep a constant width from the rectangular course.

You will then practice the rectangular course, flying both a left and right pattern.

Slow Flight in Ground Effect Using a long runway (10,000 ft) you will fly a normal approach to landing and then add power during the landing flare to configure the airplane for slow flight. You will keep the aircraft in slow flight, a few feet above the runway, providing you with an opportunity to experience how the aircraft handles during the landing flare. You will initiate a go-around with 2000 ft remaining.

Your instructor will demonstrate this maneuver, and then you will practice until you can keep the airplane in ground effect, move the airplane laterally left and right across the centerline, stop drift, and maintain aircraft alignment with the runway centerline.

Approach Briefing You will be responsible for giving the approach briefing as you return to the airport.
Descending Turns You will practice making shallow left and right descending turns. Remember to watch the nose during these turns to determine the amount of rudder input needed to keep the nose pinned on a distant object as you roll the airplane from left to right and right to left.
Pattern Entry Your instructor will coach you through performance of the before landing and landing checklists, entry on the 45, establishing downwind,
Your instructor will transmit radio broadcasts on the CTAF to give your airplane’s location and intentions as you return to the airport, enter the pattern and land.
Normal Landing You will establish a stabilized approach, use of power to maintain a stable rate of descent. The instructor will call for a stable check at 200 AGL. If stable, you will continue the approach to landing.
Postflight Procedures You will taxi the airplane from the runway to the tiedown, executing the after landing checklist and shutdown checklists. Your instructor will help you push the airplane back into the tiedown, secure it, clean it and complete the post-flight section of the checklist.