Unit 1 – Let’s talk weather!

Preflight Exercises
Complete all portions of the Preflight Briefing Sheet, except for takeoff and landing performance.

Preflight the airplane using your checklist.

Preflight Discussion
Topic Be able to answer: Resources to study:
Weather Aviation Weather Reports



  • What is a METAR?
  • Where can you obtain a METAR?
  • What information is contained in a METAR?
  • Write out a typical METAR.
  • Where can you look up unfamiliar codes in a METAR?


  • What is a PIREP?
  • From where do you obtain PIREPs?
  • How do submit a PIREP?

Weather Charts

  • What information in conveyed in a surface analysis chart?
  • What information is conveyed in a weather depiction chart?
  • What information is conveyed in a radar summary chart?
  • What information is conveyed in a prognostic chart?


Area Forecast

  • What information is included in an area forecast?
  • How do you determine the geographic area indicated by the area forecast?
  • Where can you find the the valid period for clouds and weather?
  • Where can you find the valid period for the outlook?

Terminal Area Forecast

  • What is a TAF?
  • What information in conveyed in a TAF?
  • For what period are TAFs issued?
  • What geographic area does a TAF cover?

Adverse Conditions

  • What is an AIRMET?
  • What are the different types of AIRMETs?
  • What is a SIGMET?
  • What are the different types of SIGMETs?

Winds and Temps Aloft

  • What is the location of the closest five winds and temp reporting points?
  • What are the time periods included in a winds and temps aloft forecast?
  • Wind direction is given in reference to true north or magnetic north?
  • How is the winds and temp information encoded in this product?

Weather Briefings

  • Describe the three types of weather briefings you can obtain, and when you would select each type.
  • Where can you obtain a weather briefing prior to flight?
  • Where can you obtain a weather briefing while in flight?

Weather Briefing Interpretation

  • You will interpret and analyze a weather briefing on Flight Service with your instructor.
PHAK 25BStudy PHAK Chapter 12 Weather Theory



PHAK 25BStudy PHAK Chapter 13 Aviation Weather Services



Complete these AOPA Air Safety Institute courses on weather

Complete How to obtain a weather briefing

Obtain a weather briefing using Flight Service for a local flight. Be able to interpret each of these weather products, explaining the significant of the weather depicted, and be able to decode symbols and abbreviations:

  • Surface Analysis and Prognostic charts
  • Weather Depiction charts
  • Area Forecast
  • TAFs
  • Winds/Temp Aloft Forecast
  • Radar
  • Satellite

testprepStudy the section on weather and weather services in your test prep course.

Use AC 00-45G Aviation Weather Services as a reference to interpret any textual weather product or chart. Your checklist supplement also has many abbreviations and symbols decoded for you.

Note: As an alternative to Flight Service, the Aviation Weather Center provides aviation weather products that can be quickly displayed.

Systems Flight Controls

  • Describe the primary and secondary control surfaces and their functions.
  • How are the primary and secondary flight controls connected to control surfaces in your airplane mechanically and/or electrically?
  • Describe the many purposes of flaps?
  • What is the primary purpose of the rudder?
  • What is the purpose of elevator trim? How do you use it to achieve stable flight?
PHAK 25BReview PHAK Chapter 6 Flight Controls



POHStudy Chapter 7 – Airplane Systems in your airplane’s POH/AFM.

Practical Knowledge Explain the certification standards for, and how to perform, these maneuvers:

  • Slow Flight
  • Power Off Stall
  • Power On Stall
  • Steep Turns
  • Rectangular Course

Explain how to fly the traffic pattern, and all collision avoidance procedures.

Explain how to correct for wind drift in the traffic pattern.

Explain how wake turbulence and mechanical turbulence affect the airplane.

Explain traffic pattern communications.

Explain how to perform a go-around, recover from a bounce, recover from a high approach, low approach, and crosswind takeoff and landing techniques.

Study the Private Pilot Airmen Certification Standards for these maneuvers.
Decision Making and Risk Mgmt Weather-related accidents

Identify the missed hazards and poor decisions in the accident report you analyzed.

Review crosswind component and weight and balance for flight.

Use the PAVE checklist to identify risks associated with the flight.

Research a general aviation accident in the NTSB accident database that was weather related. Bring the accident report to the lesson.


Flight Experience
Operation Expect to:
  • Simulated high-altitude emergency
Takeoffs, Landings, and Go Around
  • Normal takeoffs and landings
  • Forward Slip
  • Go Around
Ground Reference Maneuvers
  • Rectangular course