For your first night flight, plan to fly to Mather Field to practice night takeoffs and landings.
Obtain a weather briefing from LMFSWeb and 1-800-WXBRIEF for the local area. Pay special attention to those conditions that can lead to hazardous weather during VFR night flight, such as temperature/dewpoint spreads that are forecast to narrow.
Complete all portions of the Preflight Briefing Sheet.
Preflight the airplane using your checklist. Ensure to preflight both external and internal lighting.
||Be able to answer:
||Resources to study:
- Describe how the structure of the retina affects night vision?
- What is night vision adaptation?
- How does the eye’s blind spot affect night vision?
- How can you prepare your vision for night adaptation?
- What steps can you take to improve your night vision in flight?
- Describe false horizon illusion.
- Describe autokinesis illusion.
- Describe the black hole approach illusion.
- Describe the bright light approach illusion.
- Describe somatogravic illusion.
- What additional equipment will you carry for a night flight?
- How does a red light affect the readability of aviation charts at night?
Aircraft Equipment and lighting
- What additional equipment is required to operate your airplane during a VFR night flight?
- Describe the position lights installed on your airplane.
- Describe how you can determine the relative motion of another airplane based upon their position lights.
- What interior lighting is installed in your airplane?
- How do you control the interior lighting in your airplane?
- Describe the airport beacons used at civil airports, military airports and heliports?
- How can you determine if a field has beacon?
- How are obstructions lit at night?
- Describe how wind direction indicators and segmented circles are lit.
- Describe runway lighting.
- Describe runway threshold lighting.
- Describe taxiway lighting.
- What are REIL lights?
- How do you determine the types of airport lighting that is used at your destination airport?
- How do you determine the procedure for activating pilot-controlled lighting at your destination airport?
- How do you determine the operating status of your destination’s airport light?
Engine Start and Taxi
- How should you use interior lighting?
- What does an operating beacon indicate to pilots in other aircraft?
- What does an operating taxi light indicate to pilots in other aircraft?
- What does an operating landing light indicate to pilots in other aircraft?
- Before starting the engine, what precautions will you take?
- How do you activate the pilot control lighting prior to taxi?
- Before letting any passenger disembark at night, what precautions will you take?
- During run-up, what precautions will you take to ensure the airplane does not move?
Takeoff and Departure
- Which visual references will you use for runway alignment during your takeoff roll?
- During rotation and liftoff, which references will you use for climb angle and heading?
- What types of checkpoints should you select for night flight?
- How can you determine if your are flying into deteriorating weather conditions at night?
- How is flying across open water at night more hazardous than during the day?
- How is flying across mountainous terrain at night more hazardous than during the day?
Approach and Landing
- How will you identify your destination airport at night?
- How should you approach your destination airport at night?
- How will you identify when to descend, while ensuring obstacle and terrain clearance?
- When should you activate pilot-controlled lighting at your destination airport?
- How should you use a visual glideslope system to ensure obstacle clearance on approach to the runway?
- What visual references should you use to initiate the flare and landing attitude?
Emergencies at night
- How is engine failure different at night?
- How is electrical failure different at night?
- When must the airplane’s position lights be used?
- During what period must you meet night currency requirements in order to carry passengers?
- How do you meet the night currency requirement?
- During what period can you log night flight experience?
|Study AFH Chapter 10 Night Operations
|Decision Making and Risk Mgmt
||Review weather briefing, performance and weight and balance for flight.
Use the PAVE checklist to identify risks associated with the flight.
|Engine Start and Taxi
- Prior to engine start, ensure beacon is on and area is clear.
- Prior to taxi, activate PCL (pilot controlled lighting)
- Prior to taxi, ensure landing light or taxi light is on.
|Takeoffs and Landings at Night
- Approach and landing with a visual glide slope
- Approach and landing without a visual glide slope
- Approach and landing without the landing light
- Go around at night
|Maneuvering at Night
- Steep Turns
- Power Off Stall
- Power On Stall
|Abnormal Operations at Night
- Simulated electrical failure – darkened cockpit
- Simulated engine failure at night – landing spot selection
- Simulated communication failure – light gun signals from ATC