Unit 1 – Introduction to the Practical Test

Preflight Exercises

Obtain a weather briefing from LMFSWeb and 1-800-WXBRIEF for the local area.

Complete all portions of the Preflight Briefing Sheet.

Preflight the airplane using your checklist.

Preflight Discussion
Topic Be able to answer: Resources to study:
Practical Knowledge PTS Introduction

  • Describe how to follow along using the PTS booklet?
  • What is the order of the practical test?
  • What are the three possible outcomes of a practical test?
  • What constitutes a failure of a task during the practical test?
  • What is single pilot resource management?
  • How is single pilot resource management evaluated during the practical test?
  • What should you bring to the practical test?
  • Is the practical test an open book test?
  • Which handbooks, ACs, publications, etc should you bring to the practical test?
  • What assignments will you be pre-assigned by the examiner?
  • How should you organize the materials and documents you need to bring to the practical test?
  • What documentation do you need to demonstrate that you are eligible for the practical test?
  • Describe each special emphasis area.
Learn about the Practical Test Standards Explained guide and study the Introduction section in the PTS Explained guide.
Practical Knowledge

Be prepared to respond to questions on these topics in the Private Pilot PTS.

  • Task A: Certificates and Documents
  • Task B: Airworthiness Requirements

While answering questions in Task B, your instructor will review the airplane’s logbooks with you and complete the Practical Exam Airworthiness Sheet.

Tab each section of the FAR/AIM where you locate knowledge needed to respond to questions in these PTS tasks.

Study Task A: Certificate and Documents in the PTS Explained guide.

Study Task B: Airworthiness Requirements in the PTS Explained guide.

Practical Knowledge

Private Pilot Aeronautical Experience

Review the accumulated experience with your instructor.

Complete the Private Pilot – Required Aeronautical Experience sheet and bring to the lesson.
Practical Knowledge Diversion, Lost Procedures and Lost Comm

  • Describe the procedure to use if lost on a flight.
  • Describe situations when you’ll need to divert.
  • Describe the process of diverting.
  • Demonstrate how you will use your resources in the cockpit to determine magnetic heading, distance, time and fuel to an alternate airport.
  • Describe how you will manage a lost communications situation.

Practice measuring distance and calculating the magnetic course between two points on a sectional chart using a straight edge, using only one hand.

Practice calculating time enroute and fuel burned with an E-6B, using only one hand.

Research airport data for KJAQ, KMHR and F72. Write this down on a quick reference sheet and keep it in your kneeboard.

Decision Making and Risk Mgmt

Review weather briefing, airplane performance and weight and balance for flight.

Use the PAVE checklist to identify risks associated with the flight.

Flight Experience
Operation Expect to: Prepare by:
  • Normal/Crosswind Takeoff
  • Cross Country – Navigation, Radio Communication
  • Lost Procedures
  • Diversion to alternate airport
  • Slow Flight
  • Power Off Stall
  • Power On Stall
  • Steep Turns
  • Normal/Crosswind Landing
  • Go Around
  • Forward Slip
  • Emergency Descent
  • Simulated Engine Failure
  • Emergency Approach and Landing
  • Short Field Takeoff
  • Short Field Landing
  • Soft Field Takeoff
  • Soft Field Landing
  • Basic Attitude Instrument Flying
  • Unusual Attitude Recoveries
  • Radio Navigation
  • Rectangular Course
  • S-Turns
  • Turns around a point
The instructor will ask you to perform each maneuver listed below. The instructor will provide feedback and coaching to help you attain performance within the practical test standards. Review the practical test standards and the Airplane Flying Handbook material for each of these maneuvers.